Public Sector Economics

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Why are older informal carers in better health? Solving a causality problem



Andrej Srakar*
   
Mateja Nagode
Preliminary communication   |   Year:  2018   |   Pages:  303 - 323   |   Volume:  42   |   Issue:  3
Received:  May 23, 2018   |   Accepted:  July 12, 2018   |   Published online:  September 3, 2018
Download citation        https://doi.org/10.3326/pse.42.3.4       


Graph 1
Distribution of the help-giving variables (%)
DISPLAY Graph

Table 1
Estimation of total help-givers, Deville-Särndal’s procedure
DISPLAY Table

Graph 2
Distribution of the main three health variables (left: number of chronic diseases; middle: self-rated health; right: EURO-Depression scale), based on help-giving within and outside the household and total help-giving
DISPLAY Graph

Table 2
Results of the models with no endogeneity provided for
DISPLAY Table

Graph 3
Modelling of reverse causality in the model
DISPLAY Graph

Table 3
Results of models, endogeneity controlled for, total help-giving
DISPLAY Table

Table 4
Results of models, endogeneity controlled for, help-giving outside a household
DISPLAY Table

Table 5
Results of models, endogeneity controlled for, help-giving within household
DISPLAY Table

Table 6
Results of robustness tests, top: exclusion of additional health variables due to additional endogeneity problems; middle: restricting the age of the respondents: 65+, bottom: including an additional instrument to control for reverse causality between providing and receiving help within a household
DISPLAY Table

Table 6
middle: restricting the age of the respondents: 65+, bottom: including an additional instrument to control for reverse causality between providing and receiving help within a household
DISPLAY Table

Table 7
Summarized main results of the paper by type of help-giving
DISPLAY Table

  September, 2018
III/2018
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